Montenegro At Glance

Montenegro At Glance

 

Geographic Information
Area 13,812 km2
Position 41°52’-43°42’ latitude

18°26’-20°22’ longitude
Length of border 614 km
Coast line 293 km
Length of beaches 73 km
Climate Mediterranean
Average temperatures of air 27.4 C° (summer) 13.4 C° (winter)
Maximum sea temperature 27.1 C°
Average number of sunny days 240
Capital City Podgorica
Old Royal Capital City Cetinje
Time Zone GMT +1

 

 

Border Crossing
Serbia Rance, Cemerno, Dobrakovo, Kula, Draženovac, Vuce
Albania Bozaj, Sukobin, Grncar
Croatia Debeli brijeg, Kobila
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sitnica, Ilino brdo, Vracenovici, Krstac, Nudo, Šcepan Polje, Metaljka, Šula
Sea Border ports and piers: Bar, Kotor, Budva, Zelenika, Risan and Tivat

 

 

Population
Population in country 621, 081 (source: Monstat, Census 2003)
Number of households 192,242

 

 

Transportation
Airports Podgorica and Tivat
Ports Bar
Railways Bar-Beograd
Total railways length 249 km
Total highway length 5,174 km

 

 

National Parks
Durmitor 39,000 ha
Biogradska gora 5,650 ha
Lovcen 6,220 ha
Skadar Lake 40,000 ha

 

 

Country Location
Montenegro is situated at the central Mediterranean in the South East Europe bordering: Italia (across the Adriatic Sea), Albania, Kosovo, Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia.

Total land area is 13.812 km 2.

The distance between major cities and Montenegrin capital Podgorica is:

  • Rome – 650 km
  • Budapest – 640 km
  • Vienna – 790 km
  • Zurich – 1220 km
  • Frankfurt – 1450 km
  • Paris – 1760 km
mapa

 

 

Landscape and Climate

Montenegro is the country of natural rarities divided into three differentiated geographic regions (seaside, central region and high mountains at the north). There are three climate zones: moderate continental in the inland part, Alpine in the highlands and Adriatic- Mediterranean along the coastline with many warm and sunny days where an average temperature in January never drops below 7°C and is around 25°C in July.


The length of the coastline is 293,5km of which 52km are beaches. Montenegro's coastline includes long, sandy beaches, deep blue sea and dramatic mountain backdrop. The cities on the Montenegrin coast will definitely seduce you with their charm, diversity and the Mediterranean air. From Ulcinj (which used to be a pirate town but today represents a tourist haven), Bar (a town rich in historic monuments, with the new, modern city centre, port, marina and hotels), Budva (which represents the tourist metropolis of Montenegro, covering the area from Buljarica, through Petrovac and St. Stefan, all the way to Jaz beach), through Tivat (a beautiful, calm town), Kotor (protected by UNESCO as part of the world cultural heritage), up to Herceg Novi (an irresistible tourist town, rich in greenery, flowers, stairs and beautiful historic structures), each town tells a story of its own.

 

 

 

Mountains, Rivers, Lakes

The north of Montenegro is the area of high limestone mountains.


From the tablelands and plateaus of 1,700 m in altitude, rise vast mountain ranges and ridges of over 2,000 m (Durmitor, Bjelasica, Komovi, Visitor). These mountain ranges are rich in pasturelands, forests and numerous mountain lakes, of which there are 29 in Montenegro. Žabljak is largerst town on mountain Durmitor (2,522 m).


The rivers Piva, Tara, Moraca, Cehotina and their tributaries have cut deep narrow steep-sided channels in the limestone - the canyons, whose beauty and size are unique. In its size, the canyon of the Tara is the second largest in the world.


Lake Skadar, the fertile Zeta plain with the Zeta River valley, and the Niksic field, comprise the third geograpic region of Montenegro. This is a lowland and the only plain area in Montenegro.


Highest Mountain Peak: Bobotov Kuk (Durmitor) - 2,523 m Largest Lake: Lake Skadar - 391 km2 Deepest Canyon: Tara Canyon - 1,300 m